Article Template

Tittle Here










Research limitations/implications:

Practical implications:

Social implications:


Keywords: Introduction; literature review; method; analysis; discussion


  1. Introduction

Your paper’s introduction is an opportunity to provide readers with the background necessary to understand your paper: the status of knowledge in your field, the question motivating your work and its significance, how you sought to answer that question (methods), and your main findings.

Start the Introduction with a strong statement that reflects your research subject area. Avoid stating too many obvious facts that your target readers would know. Cite relevant, up-to-date primary literature to support your explanation of our current base of knowledge. Make sure to include any significant works that might contradict your argument and address the flaws with that opposing line of thought.

Remember that the Introduction is not meant to be a comprehensive literature review! Don’t overwhelm your reader with a sea of citations. Instead, use key primary literature (i.e., journal articles) to quickly guide your reader from the general study area to more specific material covered by your hypothesis.


  1. Literature Review

The literature review section of an article is a summary or analysis of all the research the author read before doing his/her own research

  1. Research Method

The methods section of a research paper is the most important because it provides both 'methods and material used in the procedures' of the study (Shah, 2015). This section is the basis for the credibility of the work, with enough details so as the same study can be replicated in future to validate the process and results.

3.1 Sample

The detail information is required on design of the study, participants, equipment and materials used, variables studied, actions or reaction of the participants, ethical approval, analysis and statistical tools used. The information on participants should include who, how many, how they were included in the selection, why excluded and adherence to ethical practices, ethical approval, how sample size was calculated and what were sampling techniques.

3.2 Materials/Measurements

The description on materials should include all materials, measures, equipment’s, details of special equipment etc. The design of study should include when the study was done, where, how data were collected, type of study for e.g. cross sectional, comparative, randomized, measurement validity and reliability, etc. The step by step details of how the study 'progressed', so as the reader understands the logical flow and can replicate similar study based on the description provided in this section.


  1. Results

The Results section of a scientific research paper represents the core findings of a study derived from the methods applied to gather and analyze information. It presents these findings in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation from the author, setting up the reader for later interpretation and evaluation in the Discussion section. A major purpose of the Results section is to break down the data into sentences that show its significance to the research question(s).

Figure 1. Sample of Figure International Journal of Islamic Microfinance

In the text, refer to figures by their number (i.e., Figure 1 or Figure 2). Do not refer to figures as "the figure below" or "the figure above." The figure # is as it would appear, numbered consecutively, in your paper - not the figure # assigned to it in its original resource. Number the figures consecutively, beginning with Figure 1.


Table 1. Structure of Writing














In the text, refer to tables by their number (i.e., Figure 1 or Figure 2). Do not refer to tables as "the table below" or "the table above." The table # is as it would appear, numbered consecutively, in your paper - not the table # assigned to it in its original resource. Number the tables consecutively, beginning with Table 1.


  1. Discussion

Discussing whether the results met your expectations or supported your hypotheses. Contextualizing your findings within previous research and theory. Explaining unexpected results and evaluating their significance. Considering possible alternative explanations and making an argument for your position.


  1. Conclusion

A conclusion is not merely a summary of your points or a re-statement of your research problem but a synthesis of key point


  1. Implications, Limitations and Future Directions

Research implications suggest how the findings may be important for policy, practice, theory, and subsequent research. Research implications are basically the conclusions that you draw from your results and explain how the findings may be important for policy, practice, or theory.


The limitations of a study are its flaws or shortcomings which could be the result of unavailability of resources, small sample size, flawed methodology, etc. No study is completely flawless or inclusive of all possible aspects. Therefore, listing the limitations of your study reflects honesty and transparency and also shows that you have a complete understanding of the topic. will highlight a number of limitations in their work. These include: an inability to answer your research questions, theoretical and conceptual problems, limitations of your research strategy and problems of research quality


Future research suggestions generally arise out of the research limitations you have identified in the study.



Information presented in the acknowledgment section should be kept brief. It should only mention people directly involved with the project. It can include non-authors or funding sources.



All references in your manuscript must be formatted using Harvard style


Shah, J.N. (2015), “How to write ‘method’ in scientific journal article | Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences”, Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Vol. 2 No. 2, pp. 1–2.

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